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Federation President of Bosnia and Herzegovina Faces Sanctions From the United States

Members of a nationalist Bosnian Croat party, Marinko Cavara, and the Serb Republic’s health minister, Alen Seranic, have undermined the U.S.-sponsored agreement that ended a 1992-95 war and “democratic processes or institutions,” a U.S. official said. According to a Treasury statement, this is what happened.

The men’s properties in the United States are blocked by the designations, which generally prohibit American citizens from engaging in transactions with those properties.

Following a 1992-95 war between Muslims, Croats, and Serbs, the U.S. has taken yet another step to pressure nationalist politicians to adhere to a 1995 Dayton Accord that ended the conflict.

An ethnically diverse central government is linked to two autonomous regions, the Serb Republic and Bosniak-Croatian Federation. Since 2015, Cavara has presided over the federation as its president.

Because he has refused to nominate judges to the country’s highest court from a list compiled by a council formed to ensure an independent judiciary since 2019, Cavara was sanctioned, the Treasury Department explained.

“Cavara was also designated for being responsible for or complicit in, or for having directly or indirectly engaged in, actions or policies that undermine democratic processes or institutions in the Western Balkans,” the statement said.

Specifically, the Serb Republic’s leader, Milorad Dodik, was sanctioned for his “destabilising” secessionist activities by Seranic, the statement said.

To undermine the national agency with the same role, he promoted a law creating a Serb Republic agency to conduct drug reviews. As of yet, the law has not been implemented.

This political crisis in Bosnia was triggered by Dodik, the Serb member of Bosnia’s national inter-ethnic tripartite presidency, who sought to remove his region’s Serb-dominated areas from some of the national institutions.

Politics

Jonathan Landay and Rami Ayyub contributed reporting, and Grant McCool edited the piece.

It has been alleged by a United States official that the Serb Republic’s health minister, Alen Seranic, has destabilised the peace agreement that ended a 1992-95 war and democratic processes or institutions. According to a Treasury report, this is what occurred.

As a result, American citizens cannot transact with any of the men’s properties in the country.

U.S. pressure on nationalist politicians to sign the Dayton Accord that ended the 1992-95 Muslim Croat-Serb war has increased yet again.

The Serb Republic and Bosniak-Croatian Federation are self-governing regions linked to a federal government of ethnically diverse citizens. Cavara has served as president of the federation.

Treasury Department sanctioned Cavara for refusing to nominate judges for the country’s highest court from a list put together by an independent council to ensure that the judiciary is free from influence from the executive branch.

A press release said Cavara was also named for actions or policies that undermine democratic processes or institutions throughout the Western Balkans, for which he was held accountable or implicated, directly or indirectly.

The Serb Republic’s leader, Milorad Dodik, was specifically sanctioned by Seranic, according to the statement.

Undermining the Serb Republic agency’s authority to conduct drug reviews was one of his top priorities in his push to pass legislation. The law has yet to be put into effect.

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Dodi, a Serb member of Bosnia’s national inter-ethnic tripartite presidency, sought to remove his region’s Serb-dominated areas from some of the national institutions, which sparked this political crisis in the country.

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