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Manchin Outlines the Democrats’ Massive Spending Agreement

The massive Inflation Reduction Act, which aims to lower healthcare costs and address climate change, is about to be signed into law by President Joe Biden.

Late last month, Senator Joe Manchin and Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer stunned Washington when they declared they had come to an agreement on the general structure of the budget package that eventually passed the House and Senate last week.

The proposed legislation has been greatly scaled back from the Democrats’ original Build Back Better spending proposal, which would have covered everything from child care to an enhanced child tax credit, hearing and dental coverage for Medicare, and home care for the elderly and disabled.

It indicates that Mr Manchin, a conservative Democrat from West Virginia, is a little concerned about rising expenditure and inflation.

As a result of how it will lower costs over the following several years, the legislation is really called the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022.

In a similar vein, it continues to struggle. Republicans would oppose the bill “as aggressively as we can,” Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell said in a statement to Reuters on Thursday.

To determine if the bill complies with the requirements to be included in the budget reconciliation process, many topics will need to be discussed with the Senate parliamentarian.

Similar to this, conservative Democrat Senator Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona, who has a phobia of tax hikes, eliminated the closing of a tax loophole that many Democrats, including some on Wall Street, consider a handout to the wealthy.

As long as the law is about spending and taxing, budget reconciliation enables it to pass with only 51 votes and prevent a filibuster.

A tie-breaking vote would be cast by Vice President Kamala Harris because Democrats only have 50 senators, therefore everyone needed to support the measure.


What is included in the law and some items that are not are listed below.

Pricing For Prescription Drugs

The proposed proposal would permit Medicare to bargain prescription prices beginning in 2023.

Patients on Medicare would be allowed to choose to divide their $2,000 annual out-of-pocket expenses into monthly payments.

Senior citizens, the only demographic for whom immunizations are not currently free, will likewise no longer be charged for vaccinations.

Democrats predicted that the prescription medicine portion of the bill would raise $288 billion in their one-page summary.

More Aggressive IRS Enforcement

A promise to raise funds to enable the Internal Revenue Service to improve taxpayer compliance is another significant source of funding for the legislation.

Approximately $3.1 billion will go into taxpayer services, $45 billion for enforcement, $25 billion toward operations support, and $4,75 billion toward modernization.

No use of the money, according to a one-page summary, “is designed to increase taxes on any individual with taxable income below $400,000.”

Minimum Corporate Tax

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A corporate minimum tax has been proposed by Senators Ron Wyden, the Finance Committee’s head, and Elizabeth Warren in the past to prevent businesses from abusing tax breaks to pay less than 15%.

According to the proposal from Mr. Manchin and Mr. Schumer, businesses with profits of at least $1 billion would be subject to a minimum tax of 15%.

Democrats predict that over ten years, the tax will generate $313 billion. During the vote-a-rama, the tax was slightly weakened after Senate Minority Whip John Thune put forth an amendment that would have exempted private equity subsidiaries and was supported by Senator Kyrsten Sinema.

The amendment would have been paid for by extending a cap on state and local tax deductions that was adopted under the Trump tax cuts of 2017.

As many Democrats from New York and New Jersey are against the cap, that would have effectively killed the legislation in the House. However, a change proposed by Senator Mark Warner kept the private equity carve-out while removing the SALT cap provision.

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