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For Tax Years 2021 and Beyond, the IRS Will Treat Cryptocurrency Differently

From individual earnings taxes to retirement/property planning, transactions, and even professional athlete salaries, cryptocurrency is playing a larger role in society.

Those involved in the crypto market will need to react to current tax regulations as well as negotiate upcoming tax rule changes targeting crypto.

While crypto supporters have strong reasons for its viability, those conducting business with it are likely to be unaware of the tax reporting and compliance duties that come with it.

Crypto traders prefer the mathematical mechanisms that cap the coin and prevent governments from decreasing its value via inflation, in addition to the dependable, long-term retailer of worth crypto shares with goods.

Those who have invested in crypto, as well as those who buy and sell it, may face new reporting and disclosure duties as the market develops.

This paper (the first in a series) focuses on the overall federal earnings tax requirements for digital currency and looks at potential difficulties for taxpayers in terms of reporting and compliance in this rapidly growing market.

For the second, the IRS maintains that bitcoin, like conventional inventories, is a capital asset subject to taxation. If you sell your crypto for a profit, you’ll have a taxable gain, and if the crypto market falls in value before you buy, you’ll have a capital loss (which will likely offset other earnings taxes).

Long-term capital gains charges, which can be advantageous depending on your profits, simply apply to crypto if you held it for one year or longer before selling, disposing of, or exchanging it.

Pollock, Michael

The IRS Form 8949 (to report various trends of capital assets) recordkeeping requirements can be onerous, especially for those that transact business with crypto throughout the year. Furthermore, the IRS can monitor these transactions through a variety of methods.


The IRS is working to “shut the digital currency data hole” by developing third-party reporting methods (broker returns) to identify crypto transactions that aren’t easily recognised on standard reporting forms like a Form W-2 (for employee wages), a Form 1099-MISC (for nonemployee funds made in the middle of commerce or business), and, more importantly, a Form 1099-Ok (for third-party cost community transactions made by way of platforms comparable to PayPal, Venmo or Zelle or, within the crypto context, a crypto alternate platform comparable to Coinbase, Binance.US, or

Despite the IRS’s reduced interest in looking into unreported digital currency transactions of comparably minor value, taxpayers who discover they didn’t disclose and don’t act are engaging in a risky game that could result in interest, penalties, and even legal fees.

Furthermore, whistleblowers who report a lack of exercise to the IRS may be entitled to monetary rewards in the form of a percentage of any penalties collected.

Crypto dealers and merchants should exercise caution because blockchain transactions are irreversible. The federal government has no time limit for filing civil tax fraud accusations against a taxpayer.

Traders and their organisations that fail to record any digital forex revenues have a three-year lookback period to correct previous returns. They must seek professional tax and legal assistance.

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If you’re a crypto investor or dealer concerned about compliance, you should consider getting a full accounting of all your crypto transactions on any platform you use.

This allows you to do some personal tax planning (e.g., determine which capital gains treatment you qualify for (long-term/short-term)), but more significantly, it ensures that at least some basic tax compliance is carried out.

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